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Bovine Rumen Metabolome Database

Showing metabocard for Phosphorus (RMDB01315)

Legend: metabolite field enzyme field

Version 1.0
Creation Date 2006-08-16 14:07:24
Update Date 2009-07-03 12:57:44
Accession Number RMDB01315
Common Name Phosphorus
Description Phosphorus, in its common form, is a waxy white (or yellowish) solid that has a characteristic, disagreeable smell similar to that of garlic. Pure forms of the element are colorless and transparent. This nonmetal is not soluble in water, but is soluble in carbon disulfide. The white allotrope ignites spontaneously in air; however both white and red phosphorus burn in air to produce phosphorus pentoxide. Phosphorus is a key element in all known forms of life. Physiologically, it exists as an ion in the body. Inorganic phosphorus in the form of the phosphate PO43- plays a major role in biological molecules such as DNA and RNA where it forms part of the structural framework of these molecules. Living cells also utilize phosphate to transport cellular energy via adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Nearly every cellular process that uses energy gets it in the form of ATP. ATP is also important for phosphorylation, a key regulatory event in cells. Phospholipids are the main structural components of all cellular membranes. Calcium phosphate salts are used by animals to stiffen their bones. An average person contains a little less than 1 kg of phosphorus, about three quarters of which is present in bones and teeth in the form of apatite. A well-fed adult in the industrialized world consumes and excretes about 1-3 g of phosphorus per day in the form of phosphate. Phosphorus is an essential mineral macronutrient, which is studied extensively in soil conservation in order to understand plant uptake from soil systems. Due to its reactivity to air and many other oxygen containing substances, phosphorus is not found free in nature but it is widely distributed in many different minerals.
  1. Hittorf's phosphorus
  2. Phosphorous
  3. Phosphorus-30
  4. Red phosphorus
  5. Violet phosphorus
  6. White phosphorus
Chemical IUPAC Name phosphorus
Chemical Formula P
Chemical Structure Structure
Chemical Taxonomy
  • Inorganic
Super Class
  • Inorganic compounds
  • Inorganic Ions and Gases
Sub Class
  • Metals
  • Mammalian_Metabolite
  • Essential minerals
  • Exogenous
Average Molecular Weight 30.974
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight 30.973761
Isomeric SMILES [P]
Canonical SMILES [P]
KEGG Compound ID C06262 Link Image
BioCyc ID Not Available
BiGG ID Not Available
Wikipedia Link Phosphorus Link Image
METLIN ID Not Available
PubChem Compound 5462309 Link Image
PubChem Substance 8500 Link Image
ChEBI ID 28659 Link Image
CAS Registry Number 7723-14-0
InChI Identifier InChI=1/P
Synthesis Reference Not Available
Melting Point (Experimental) 44.1 oC
Experimental Water Solubility Not Available Source: PhysProp
Predicted Water Solubility 205 mg/mL at 25 oC [MEYLAN,WM et al. (1996)] Calculated using ALOGPS
Physiological Charge 5
State Solid
Experimental LogP/Hydrophobicity Not Available Source: PhysProp
Predicted LogP/Hydrophobicity -0.27 [MEYLAN,WM & HOWARD,PH (1995)] Calculated using ALOGPS
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) Not Available
MOL File Show Link Image
SDF File Show Link Image
PDB File Show Link Image
2D Structure
3D Structure
Experimental PDB ID Not Available
Experimental 1H NMR Spectrum Not Available
Experimental 13C NMR Spectrum Not Available
Experimental 13C HSQC Spectrum Not Available
Predicted 1H NMR Spectrum Not Available
Not Available
Predicted 13C NMR Spectrum Not Available
Not Available
Mass Spectrum Not Available
Simplified TOCSY Spectrum Not Available
BMRB Spectrum Not Available
Cellular Location
  • Cytoplasm (Predicted from LogP)
Biofluid Location
  • Blood
  • Cow_Milk
  • Rumen
Tissue Location
Concentrations (Normal)
Biofluid Rumen
Value 9202.49 +/- 64.57 uM
Age N/A
Sex Female
Condition Normal
Breed Not Available
Experimental Condition Not Available
Comments Not Available
  • The rumen metabolome (in preparation)
Biofluid Rumen
Value 6457 uM
Age N/A
Sex Female
Condition Normal
Breed Not Available
Experimental Condition Not Available
Comments Not Available
  • Metabolomics reveals unhealthy alterations in rumen metabolism with increased proportion of cereal grain in the diet of dairy cows. Burim N. Ametaj, Qendrim Zebeli, Fozia Saleem, Nikolaos Psychogios, Michael J. Lewis, Suzanna M. Dunn, Jianguo Xia and David S. Wishart Metabolomics 2010;6(4):583-594
Biofluid Rumen
Value 0.023 +/- 0.012 uM
Age N/A
Sex Female
Condition Normal
Breed Not Available
Experimental Condition Not Available
Comments Not Available
  • The rumen metabolome (in preparation)
Concentrations (Abnormal) Not Available
Pathway Names Not Available
HMDB Pathways Not Available
KEGG Pathways Not Available
SimCell Pathways Not Available
General References
  1. Wikipedia Link Image